Bridge Pattern

Category : Design Patterns | Sub Category : Structural design patterns | By Prasad Bonam Last updated: 2023-07-09 08:53:18 Viewed : 526


Bridge Pattern:

The Bridge pattern is a structural design pattern that decouples an abstraction from its implementation, allowing them to vary independently. It enables the abstraction and implementation to be developed independently and changes in one do not affect the other. The Bridge pattern is useful when there are multiple dimensions of variation that need to be separated. Here is an example of implementing the Bridge pattern in Java:

java
// Abstraction abstract class Shape { protected Color color; public Shape(Color color) { this.color = color; } public abstract void draw(); } // Refined Abstraction class Circle extends Shape { private int x; private int y; private int radius; public Circle(int x, int y, int radius, Color color) { super(color); this.x = x; this.y = y; this.radius = radius; } @Override public void draw() { System.out.print("Drawing Circle at (" + x + ", " + y + "), radius: " + radius + ", "); color.applyColor(); } } // Refined Abstraction class Rectangle extends Shape { private int width; private int height; public Rectangle(int width, int height, Color color) { super(color); this.width = width; this.height = height; } @Override public void draw() { System.out.print("Drawing Rectangle with width: " + width + ", height: " + height + ", "); color.applyColor(); } } // Implementor interface Color { void applyColor(); } // Concrete Implementor class RedColor implements Color { @Override public void applyColor() { System.out.println("Applying red color"); } } // Concrete Implementor class GreenColor implements Color { @Override public void applyColor() { System.out.println("Applying green color"); } } // Client code public class Client { public static void main(String[] args) { Shape redCircle = new Circle(100, 100, 50, new RedColor()); Shape greenRectangle = new Rectangle(200, 100, new GreenColor()); redCircle.draw(); // Output: Drawing Circle at (100, 100), radius: 50, Applying red color greenRectangle.draw(); // Output: Drawing Rectangle with width: 200, height: 100, Applying green color } }

In this example:

  • The Shape class is the abstraction that represents a shape. It contains a reference to the Color interface, which is the implementor.
  • The Circle and Rectangle classes are the refined abstractions that extend the Shape class. They implement the draw() method and delegate the color-related operations to the Color interface.
  • The Color interface is the implementor that declares the applyColor() method, which is implemented by concrete classes.
  • The RedColor and GreenColor classes are the concrete implementors that implement the Color interface.
  • The client code in the Client class demonstrates the usage of the bridge pattern. It creates instances of Circle and Rectangle, passing the respective Color implementation. The draw() method is called on each shape, and the color-related operations are performed by the respective Color implementation.

By using the Bridge pattern, you can decouple abstractions from their implementations, allowing them to vary independently. It promotes flexibility, extensibility, and separation of concerns. Changes in the abstraction or implementation do not affect each other, and new abstractions or implementations can be added without modifying the existing code.

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